Class Http2MultiplexHandler

  • All Implemented Interfaces:

    public final class Http2MultiplexHandler
    extends Http2ChannelDuplexHandler
    An HTTP/2 handler that creates child channels for each stream. This handler must be used in combination with Http2FrameCodec.

    When a new stream is created, a new Channel is created for it. Applications send and receive Http2StreamFrames on the created channel. Buffers cannot be processed by the channel; all writes that reach the head of the pipeline must be an instance of Http2StreamFrame. Writes that reach the head of the pipeline are processed directly by this handler and cannot be intercepted.

    The child channel will be notified of user events that impact the stream, such as Http2GoAwayFrame and Http2ResetFrame, as soon as they occur. Although Http2GoAwayFrame and Http2ResetFrame signify that the remote is ignoring further communication, closing of the channel is delayed until any inbound queue is drained with, which follows the default behavior of channels in Netty. Applications are free to close the channel in response to such events if they don't have use for any queued messages. Any connection level events like Http2SettingsFrame and Http2GoAwayFrame will be processed internally and also propagated down the pipeline for other handlers to act on.

    Outbound streams are supported via the Http2StreamChannelBootstrap.

    ChannelOption.MAX_MESSAGES_PER_READ and ChannelOption.AUTO_READ are supported.


    Some Http2StreamFrames implement the Resource interface, as they carry resource objects (e.g. Buffers). An application handler needs to close or dispose of such objects after having consumed them.

    Channel Events

    A child channel becomes active as soon as it is registered to an EventLoop. Therefore, an active channel does not map to an active HTTP/2 stream immediately. Only once a Http2HeadersFrame has been successfully sent or received, does the channel map to an active HTTP/2 stream. In case it is not possible to open a new HTTP/2 stream (i.e. due to the maximum number of active streams being exceeded), the child channel receives an exception indicating the cause and is closed immediately thereafter.

    Writability and Flow Control

    A child channel observes outbound/remote flow control via the channel's writability. A channel only becomes writable when it maps to an active HTTP/2 stream . A child channel does not know about the connection-level flow control window. ChannelHandlers are free to ignore the channel's writability, in which case the excessive writes will be buffered by the parent channel. It's important to note that only Http2DataFrames are subject to HTTP/2 flow control.